Food & Weight

Obesity is an increasing problem. More than half of the adults and almost 30% of the children in Europe are obese. Can our food choices make a difference?


Obesity can cause many health problems and increase the risk of developing diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Prevention is the best strategy to combat obesity. It is especially important that children and young people develop good eating habits that they can maintain into adulthood.

You can often hear the advice to eat a healthy balanced diet. But what is that?

According to several European Food Agencies a health diet is based on a few key recommendations:

  • Fruit and vegetables. Eat at least five portions of them every day, for example 3 fruits and 2 handfuls of vegetables.
  • Wholegrain. Choose wholegrain bread, rice, cereals and pasta.
  • Fish. Eat fish several times a week.
  • Less fat and sugar. Cut down on saturated fat and sugar.

By following these food recommendations your chance of keeping a healthy weight is high.


This text was prepared by Johanna Zilliacus of the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


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